Biodiversity in our oceans is at risk. The coral reefs in particular are under extreme threat: almost one third has already been destroyed globally. As UN General Secretary António Guterres said in his address to open the United Nations’ Ocean Conference in 2017: “The situation is critical.”
There are several reasons for this critical situation:
Climate change is causing corals to die. Oceans play a key role in regulating the climate. Our seas and oceans are warming up, which is killing off corals. They also absorb one third of CO2 greenhouse gas emissions found in the atmosphere. If the air’s carbon dioxide level increases, oceans also absorb larger amounts of the gas in order to restore balance. The CO2 dissolves in the water, producing carbonic acid, and the pH level of the water falls as a result: the water becomes more acidic. Sensitive calcareous creatures such as corals, calcareous alga and shellfish react to this, and die.
Pollution in our oceans threatens marine life and their habitats: nine million tonnes of plastic waste enter our oceans every year. In addition to this are the thousands of tonnes of oil and oil-based fuels such as fertilizers, pesticides and chemicals that put our seas and oceans under strain.
Deep-sea fishing is not regulated properly. Growing global appetite for seafood has lead us to plunder the oceans and disrupt ecosystems. Overfishing poses a huge threat to the health of our seas and the survival of its inhabitants.
The aquarium industry and the zoo industry raid coral reefs: almost all species of the corals and coral fish traded internationally come from the wild. Up to 80% of the animals die during capture, handling and transport ‒ before they even reach an aquarium.
Trade in endangered animals and plants continues to be permitted: Despite the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES), the uncontrolled trade of many animals still exists ‒ including many marine species ‒ even though they are at risk of extinction.
Increasing ocean temperatures causes valuable coral reefs to die.
Increased levels of carbon dioxide in sea water (due to climate change) leads to acidification, which in turn leads to coral bleaching.
Nine million tonnes of plastic waste end up in our oceans - every year!
Chemicals ‒ produced, for example, by agriculture and the textile industry ‒ enter our oceans via rivers.
Almost all species of coral and coral fish traded internationally come from the wild.
Up to 80% of animals may die during capture, handling or transport ‒ long before they even reach an aquarium.
Fondation Franz Weber is committed to improving the disastrous situation of our oceans by means of various projects:
FFW is fighting back against our oceans being plundered by the aquarium industry. A sad, bleak, short life in an aquarium awaits ornamental fish, corals and other marine animals – that is, if they even survive the punishing journey in the first place. In 2019, FFW successfully opposed the construction of new large-scale aquarium by Basel Zoo (Switzerland), and is supporting efforts to oppose the planned SharkCity aquarium in Germany, which aimed to exhibit sharks from all over the world.
In particular, FFW harnesses its role as official observer at CITES to achieve more rigorous scrutiny of the international ornamental fish trade, through the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora.
In addition, FFW is working with the “Great Seaflower” campaign, supporting the efforts of six Caribbean nations to protect the animal kingdom and the ecosystem of this extraordinary natural heritage.